Plot Diagram PDF & How to Use Freytag’s Pyramid

The Plot Diagram or Book Map is a graphic tool can be used to visualize key features of a chapter or an entire story. It helps identify areas that need additional work so that the entire piece is cohesive.

Below are several humorous videos explaining how to use a Plot Pyramid. At the bottom of the post is a FREE PDF download of Freytag’s Pyramid.

Note: Color code the diagrams by character so that in addition to seeing the rising and falling action of each chapter, you will also see the balance of your character points of view throughout your book.

 

Freytag’s Pyramid

Plot Mapping

 

Parts of the Pyramid

Inciting Incident – something occurs to start the conflict.

Rising Action – building tension.

Climax – the peak of the scene/story.

Falling Action – events that happen after the climax.

Resolution – how the conflict is resolved.

 

 

Recommended Editing and Writing Books.

Click on the image below to download a free Plot Map PDF.

freytags-plot-curve-gray

Gifts for Authors

author presents

Pile-o-presents day. Remember the anticipation from the night before? Flutters in the stomach and a jump-up-and-down, I-just-can’t-wait-another-minute feeling?

I still have those when I learn something new that is going to advance my art or story craft.

Cheryl B. Klein’s book, Second Sight An Editor’s Talks on Writing, Revising, and Publishing Books for Children and Young Adults contains a broad collection of techniques that fine tune the art of writing. These editing tools are universal – you don’t have to be a children’s or young adult author to benefit from them.

voice defined

Second Sight paints pictures in the mind’s eye…and is entertaining to read. “I am a narrative nerd,” says Klein.

voice unique

With each topic (delivered as a transcript from blog posts or lectures given at various writer’s conferences) Cheryl provides examples of how it was used in publishing projects. As an editor for Arthur A. Levine (a Scholastic Inc. imprint), she gives glimpses into the workings of the editorial mind that are as valuable as the mechanical and organizational techniques.

Topics Include; Author / Publisher / Editor Relationships, Creating Empathy for Your Characters, Hooks, Flap Copy, Chapter and Story Arc Maps, and Action vs. Emotional Plots.

editor relationship

Manuscript editing has always been a dreaded chore. Now, I’m almost as excited about editing as pile-o-presents day. This book is a gift to writers everywhere.

___________________highlights

Click here for my entire collection of editing and marketing books.

Preparing Files with Pictures for KDP – e-book

This is part two of an article discussing file preparation for seamless book file uploads to Kindle Direct Publishing also known as KDP (e-books). Click here to read about Manuscript Formatting PDF files for CreateSpace – Print Books.

E-books are, in essence, web pages – complete with links. Once your file is uploaded to KDP, it is converted into a MOBI file. A MOBI file is an elastic thing that changes size to fit tiny smartphone screens and large tablet devices. Page numbers don’t exist in MOBI files.

When including images in your e-book, there are several considerations to take into account – especially when doing file set-up for children’s picture books.

childrens self healing empowerment book
Toby Bear and the Healing Light, by Lisa Boulton

Image & Text Arrangement

Should images be kept separate from the text, or should words go directly on top of the pictures? I’ve seen e-book formatting both ways.

Although full-color pages with text on top of artwork are lovely in printed books, it doesn’t translate well in an e-book.

  • If the text is placed on top of an image in an e-book, it becomes part of that image and, therefore, is not stretchable.
  • If the text is placed separate from the image, the reader can then pinch or enlarge the word size to fit their needs.

I opt for functionality over beauty – text and images separate.

Image Size for e-books

Images should be sized at or near 400 px X 600 px at 96 px /in for an e-book.

*Note: Images that are too large waste server space, take a long time to download and frustrate readers. 

Folder Structure

There are several files and file folders that must be structured according to KDP specifications for smooth, error-free uploading.

*Note: Before beginning this process, save all your work in a sperate place. You can return to this file if something goes horribly wrong.

1. Create a folder with all of the images (sized appropriately) that will be inserted in your book. Give it a name like, ‘e-book images.’

2. Create a new folder. Give it a name like, ‘MyZippyNewBook.’

Image & Text Placement

3.  Begin inserting images into your finished manuscript.

Inside your Word Document, place pictures by locating your cursor where you want the image to go then, Insert -> Pictures.

*Note: Do not use the Copy / Paste function. The images will show up in your workflow but when you go through the next step, the file will be corrupt.

4. Once the images have been placed, you are ready to turn your manuscript into an HTML file. (*Note: For good measure, save an additional copy of this file in another location before continuing.) To do this, choose File  -> Save As. Where it says, Save as type: choose Web Page, Filtered

*Note: At this point MS Word will start gifting you pop-up warnings. Don’t be afraid…just do it…it works.

5. Save this new file in the empty folder that you created and named ‘MyZippyNewBook.’ Close the document.

*Note: the formerly empty ‘MyZippyNewBook’  folder will now contain your ‘manuscript.html’ file and images.

inside file to be zipped
Billy Jean, Armadillo Queen by Megan Scott

 

6. Navigate back until you see the closed ‘MyZippyNewBook’ folder, right click on it and Send To -> Compressed (Zipped) File.

Upload Zip File to KDP

7. Once the folder has been Zipped – it will look like a duplicate folder to zip fileMyZippyNewBook folder – but this one will have a zipper on the folder icon. The Zipped folder is what you upload to KDP.

*Note: The zipping process marries the images with the text. 

*Note: If your book has no images, graphics or jpeg files, you can skip the zip step.

Manuscript Formatting PDF files for CreateSpace – Print Books.

 

Boost Your Business with a Book

Are you an expert in your field? Do you want to increase the quantity and / or quality of your customer base?  Would you like to expand your service offerings into paid speaking engagements?  If you answered, ‘yes’ to any of these questions, writing and producing a book (e-book or print) may be worth some serious consideration.

Below is an excellent video series that outlines how to organize, compose and write your business boosting book.

Reason for Writing – Target Market – Diane O’Connell – Video Series

Targeted Subject Topics – Manuscript Organization – Blogging – Diane O’Connell – Video Series

Share Your Expertise – Storytelling – Diane O’Connell – Video Series

Research & Statistics – Diane O’Connell – Video Series

Publishing a book is not an endeavor to enter into casually. With the ‘relative ease’ of self-publishing, there are more than a few ways to go terribly wrong and end up sabotaging your business growth efforts.

This video explains the difference between Traditional Publishing vs. Self Publishing

Publishing Options – Traditional vs. Self Publishing – Diane O’Connell – Video Series

The webinar below explains the complexities of interior page layout and design. It discusses what makes a book look like it has been professionally designed vs. a DIY project.

interior design

Under the Covers Book Page Design by Michele DeFilippo

Like any product that one would take to market, a book has production costs at the front end and distribution and marketing expenses once it’s complete. A savvy business person will know when it’s appropriate to do the work yourself and when its time to hire an expert.

The following is a list of the most common (and wise!) areas to plan for investment in your book project.

Cover Art
Editing 
Interior Page Design
Marketing / Website Set-Up

Below are a few resources for editors and cover designers.

Editors

Editorial Freelancers Association (1,100+ members) has a sort function that simplifies identifying the editors who match your search criteria.

Bay Area Editors Forum

Book Expo America

5 Tips to find the right professional editor for your book

What type of editor do you need?
*Content Editing helps with the overall organization of your material
*Copy Editing is fact checking
*Line Editing is the nuts and bolts of sentence and paragraph structure and punctuation.

Cover Design & Designers

cover design